Press review


"Diena" (in Latvian): D "Neatkariga" (in Latvian): N "Tchass" (in Russian): T "Business and Baltia" (in Russian): BB "Vesti Segodnya" (in Russian): VS "Lauku Avize" (in Latvian): LA "Dienas Bizness" (in Latvian): DB "Telegraf' (in Russian): TEL

Jewish Related Issues:

" D" (p.2 - the "Comments and Opinions" page) publishes the letter of Ernests Sternbergs regarding the visit of Efraim Zuroff to Riga. The letter says:

"Jewish and Latvian communities in Latvia always lived here friendly even interesting. Jews were represented in SAEIMA and government. When fascism was already wide spread in Germany Karlis Ulmanis initially helped the Jews. The relations strictly worsened during the "Terrible Year". The aim of the Wiezenthal Center should be the research of the reasons of the anti-Semitism of the 'Terrible Year" in order to avoid relapse. The name of a "Terrible Year" appeared in connection with the activity of the NKVD and its commissar Shustin (a Jew by origin). He personally signed the orders for shooting of many prominent Latvians who have not been anti-Semites. In June 1941 the deportation of the Latvians to Siberia took place. In Siberia most of the Latvians perished. In these days some managed to escape from being deported. They ran away to the forests where many armed chekists were hiding. In two weeks the War began. Fascists occupied Latvia and the persecutors changed their places.

In order the anti-Semitism researches would be honest and objective the Wiezenthal Center needs to clear up the following questions:

1. What was the nationality of the chekist's leader during the "terrible Year"? Before the deportation there were some chekists officials brought to Latvia. What was their nationality?

2. The deportation took place in the nighttime with every group having its own task. Each group consisted of a chekist (the executor), a representative of the local authorities (guide and translator) and a Soviet solder (in case of resistance).

3. How many out of those who were shooting the Jews were the deportation runaways and were in acute affect state because of the death of the relatives? ________________________________________________________________________