According to the 1934 census, approximately 94,000 Jews resided in Latvia, but
that number was reduced considerably by the time the Nazis
invaded the country in late June 1941. Some 4,000 Jews emigrated
overseas, another 5,000 were deported in mid June 1941 by the
Soviets who occupied Latvia in June 1940, and approximately
15,000 succeeded in escaping to the Soviet interior prior to
the Nazi takeover. Thus about 70,000 Latvian Jews were trapped
under Nazi occupation. more...